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Safety Hazards You May Face When Excavating Your Land

Preparing a plot of land for the construction process requires careful planning and attention to detail. Excavation can include a number of techniques, including trenching, grading, and rock excavation.

Rearranging the layout of a parcel of land makes it easier to construct a home or commercial building, but it can also create some safety hazards that you need to be mindful of to prevent serious injury during the excavation process.

Contact With Utility Lines

Even though a piece of land appears to be empty, there is no way to know for sure what lies beneath the surface of the property. Many parcels of land contain utility lines that are buried beneath the surface to prevent damage and deterioration. Hitting one of these utility lines while excavating could have disastrous consequences.

Contact local utility companies to come out and identify any utility lines running through your land prior to excavation. Having these lines clearly marked will allow you to avoid the safety hazards associated with coming into contact with exposed utility lines as you prepare your land for construction.

Falling Loads

Excavation of an empty lot can create a lot of debris that needs to be removed from the property before construction can begin. This is especially true if you are engaged in rock excavation to trench through areas of solid rock. Care must be taken when working around heavy loads to prevent injury.

Falling loads can easily crush workers, so no one should be on the ground near a heavy load when it is being moved or extracted from the ground. Working with a professional rock excavation company is your best option when it comes to eliminating falling load injuries since these companies follow the Occupational Health and Safety Administration standards when it comes to safety around heavy loads.


Cave-ins should always be a concern during excavation, especially when you are trenching or moving solid rock as part of the process. A cave-in can happen when the sidewalls of the trenched area are not stable enough to support the pressure being placed on them from the surrounding soil.

Professional excavation companies know how to evaluate the composition of the soil on any empty lot to determine the safest way to excavate. Ongoing analysis of changing soil conditions caused by weather, compaction, or trenching occurs to ensure cave-ins don't become a problem on your lot as you prepare for construction to begin.